A Brief History of Nomex

As the building flares up in flames, engulfing much of the residence, a sad and frightening event is taking place. On the second story of the apartment complex is an elderly person who did not have the speed or energy to get out of the burning room in time. When all hope seemed lost a man – a firefighter – came, extinguishing the fiery blazes and rescuing the elderly individual inside.

Thanks to the bravery, along with the Nomex fiber that can be found in the firefighters’ uniform, the firefighter and the elderly individual were able to make it out alive. So, if you are wondering what Nomex fiber is, let us take a closer look into this fantastic material.

A Brief History Of Nomex

Nomex was first created back in the early 1960s but would be marketed in 1967. Dr. Wilfred Sweeney created it in the now world-renowned DuPont laboratory. Nomex’s technical name is ‘Synthetic Aromatic Polyamide Polymer’. This, in layman’s term, means that this is a material that has been made in a lab.

When broken down to molecular level, it is made up of four neat piles of molecules, which are:

• Carbon • Hydrogen • Oxygen • Nitrogen

The Uses Of Nomex

Although the principal purpose and use of Nomex is to protect against fire and flames (hence why firefighters and race car drivers have this fiber manufactured into their uniforms) it is also used in a wide array of different areas that range outside the realm of protection against flames.

Race Car Drivers

We have made a small reference to this already, but race car drivers wear suits that have Nomex fiber material laced into their suits. This is because of the accidents that are involved in car racing, along with the flames that can arise from these dangerous and near-fatal car crashes.

Electric Conductive Suit

As mentioned already, Nomex is a multi-faceted material. The same molecular properties that stop the flow of heat from engulfing firefighters and race car drivers in flames is the same molecular structure that stops the flow of electricity as well. Nomex is an extremely poor conductor meaning that this is an excellent insulator.

Aerospace Application

Much like Kevlar, in regards to the durability and lightweight appeal of this material, Nomex is a great material to use in aerospace suits as well as in aviation uniforms.

Nomex is a fantastic material that has not only helped to protect many people, but it has also helped many people to save others as well.

This lightweight, yet highly durable material, has also been used outside of just protecting people but also their living environment.

Carter Utility Coverall

How Does My Flight Suit Protect Me?

 

One of the main functions of wearing a flight suit is to ensure that you stay well protected from any eventuality. A flight suit must not only be comfortable to wear, but must be able to effectively resist fire and protect the wearer in infrared sights. Carter Industries’ flight suits are trusted by the US Military precisely because they can offer this essential protection.

Protection From Extreme Temperatures And Flame Resistance Built In

Carter’s Nomex flight suits are made from 92% meta aramid fibers which are not only highly resistant to extreme temperatures but also abrasion and chemical degradation. Able to effectively withstand tensile stress even when exposed to temperatures as high as 400 degrees Celsius, our suits ensure maximum safety for the wearer in dangerous conditions where flames may be encountered.

NIR Compliance For Optimal Safety In The Field

A flight suit which protects the wearer’s presence from being detected by their enemy is the best possible choice in the field. Carter’s NIR Compliant Nomex flight suits allow wearers to remain unseen by making them appear to have the same level of radiation as the atmosphere surrounding them. NIR (or Near-Infrared) Image Converters are often used to spot the infrared radiation released by humans that cannot be seen by the naked human eye. Our Nomex flight suits ensure that members of the military remain unnoticed by blending the radiation they release with the atmosphere around them.

Not only can NIR Compliant flight suits prevent the wearer’s detection by an NIR Image Converter, they can also make the wearer less visible when in a low light environment as they reduce light reflection. This makes them, overall, the safest option when in the field.

The Ultimate In Comfort

When you feel comfortable in your flight suit, you can focus fully on the operation in hand. Carter’s flight suits are designed to be extremely comfortable to wear thanks to their breathable fabric construction that keeps the wearer cool, a glove-like fit, adjustable Velcro waist belt, two-way zippers and a number of highly functional pockets that allow for the storage of all of the essentials when out on the field.

You’ll Have Complete Peace Of Mind

Carter’s signature CWU 27/P Nomex flight suit is made in the USA, so you can be certain that only the best equipment and materials have been used in its manufacture. As our flight suits are also made under compliance of the Berry Amendment, you can have the peace of mind that comes with knowing you are wearing the safest and highest quality flight suit on the market. We even supply you with a compliance certificate, so you have a complete guarantee that every flight suit meets military standard MIL-C-83141a.

When you choose the Carter Nomex flight suit, you can be confident that you are choosing a manufacturer that you can trust. The US Military trust us to design and manufacture their flight suits, so you can depend on us too.

 

 

A New Use for our Suits: 313 Ghostbusters

When we ship out one of our NOMEX suits, we expect a pilot to be flying in it. However, there are more uses than you would think!

While they may not be flying, they’re stopping the flying ghosts! The 313 Ghostbusters in Detroit are a passionate group of people that bring joy to the community by bustin’ some ghosts and keeping the city safe.

 

We had an interview with one of the Ghostbusters, George, about what his organization does and the impact that they have on the Detroit.

 

What is your organization?

Bustin’ makes us feel good because we do good! 313 Ghostbusters is a group of folks that have come together to do some good in Detroit. Ghostbusters fandom spreads all over the world and we are using our own love for the franchise to help give back- right here in Detroit! There is a positively charged response when we are seen at events which gives us the perfect platform to discuss local drives, charities, and fundraisers with fans. We also love to take photos and give people the opportunity to quote the movie with us, ask us who we are going to call and use our equipment.

As Ghostbusters, we promise to: 1. Use our guise as Ghostbusters to help local charities. 2. Act and imply that we are actual “Ghostbusters” at events. 3. Bring smiles and photographic opportunities to all. 4. HAVE FUN

 

How do you use your flight suit?

I wear my flight suit all over the Metro-Detroit area doing charity work as a member of the 313 Ghostbusters. I’ve worn it raising money for the Detroit Children’s Center, participating in the annual Detroit Autism Hero Walk, and visiting patients at the Detroit Children’s Hospital just to name a few occasions.

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How did you start doing this?

For over 10 years I’ve been making costumes as mostly a hobby. About 2 years ago I made a pair of elaborate Ghostbuster costumes for my wife and myself for Halloween. Little did I know there was a huge Ghostbusters presence in the Detroit area. Shortly after posting a picture on Facebook, I was contacted by other Ghostbusters and found myself joining this wonderful fandom and charity group.

 

Why do you do it?

Just about the only thing I love more than making costumes is working with charities and non-profits. Getting to do meaningful work, raise money for great causes, and bring smiles to faces is just about the most rewarding thing I can do with my time.

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How long have you been bustin’ ghosts?

I’ve been a charitable Ghostbuster for about 2 years as of this October.

 

Why do kids love it?

I think why kids love it, is the same reason I love it. I can think back to when I was little-watching something I could really enjoy with my dad. It is all about how you connect with the things you like. The idea of being or seeing a Ghostbusters to a kid makes life less scary. It represents silly fun that a kid or adult can connect with instantly in a meaningful way.

 

Do you have any stories worth sharing?

I pretty much have to go have an ugly cry after most of our children based events. The kids we work with are usually experiencing some pretty difficult points of their life. I can think about a dozen stories of seeing a kid’s face light up and say how excited they are to meet us, tell us just about their entire life story, and ask to become a team member either on the spot or when they grow up.

 

If you want to learn more or show some support for their cause, please check them out here:

Website: https://www.313ghostbusters.com/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/313Ghostbusters/

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/313ghostbusters/

How Did The US Air Force Start?

For more than 100 years, the US Air Force has been instrumental in defending America. The origins of the organization dates back to 1903, when two bicycle salesmen from Ohio took to the skies for the very first time in a powered aircraft that was heavier than air. This groundbreaking achievement set the scene for innovations which would put the USA on course to become one of the world’s most advanced and powerful nations.

The Early Origins

The history of the Air Force begins in 1907 when the US Signal Corps’ Aeronautical Division was formed. This division was only made up of 2 enlisted men plus a single officer, and their original aircraft were kite balloons, however, in 1908 their first true airplane was acquired. Between this time and the start of the First World War, the division obtained more aircraft and a tradition of experimentation and innovation was established.

The First World War

It was the First World War which gave early aviators the chance to try their skill in combat. When the United States joined the war effort, the air arm of the Signal Corps was transformed into a section in its own right which conducted both training and air combat operations. Frank Luke and Eddie Rickenbacker were just two of the pilots who became famous names during this period for their successful missions.

Between The Wars

Although the Aeronautical Division was officially commanded by the United States Army, by the end of the First World War, it had moved towards independence. The inter-war period brought more achievements and innovations in the aviation industry, with rocket launches, helicopters and aerial refueling becoming more prevalent. Aircraft designs improved and this led to brand new records being set for flight endurance. In 1926, the Air Service was once more redesignated and given the name US Army Air Corps.

The Second World War

At the start of the Second World War, the President increased the Air Corps’ aircraft numbers to 20,000, and this proved to have been a useful move when Pearl Harbor brought American into the war. The nation’s factories went into overdrive, producing bombers, transport planes and fighters while more Airmen were trained to fight for their country.

It was during this time that women started to play a greater role in the military services, with the Women’s Army Air Corps being set up. In 1941, the Air Corps became the Army Air Forces and then in 1947, it became known as the US Air Force. This was the first time that the title by which this branch of the military is known today was used.

The Cold War And Beyond

The US Air Force took a leading role in developing sophisticated platforms for weapons at the end of the Second World War, and the Korean War saw impressive jet fighter combat while the conflict in Vietnam saw ait-to-air missile dogfights and ongoing bomber operations. In more recent times, the US Air Force has moved into the space arena, establishing networks for early warning of missiles and aircraft while developments in rocketry have led to increasingly sophisticated platforms in space that will protect us from future dangers.

With recent developments comes the need for more advanced flight suits, and Carter Industries specializes in producing military grade flight suits for the US Military. Having been in business for over two decades, our products are made from high-quality materials and in accordance with the Berry Amendments. We supply only authentic and genuine Nomex flight suits that meet the high standards set by the US Air Force.

 

Southwest Pilot, Tammie Jo Shults, Hailed as an American Hero

 

Who is the first person that comes to mind when you think of an American hero? George Washington, the brave general who lead the first US Army into battle and defeated the British troops, thus ensuring the independence of the American colonies? Or maybe Abe Lincoln comes to mind for abolishing slavery. Women wouldn’t have the right to vote if it weren’t for the heroic deeds of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. These women are among the first to confront men and speak for Women’s Suffrage. These women, and others like them, did everything they could to be heard by others which was extremely difficult. Mrs. Stanton wrote essays and other writings, but many newspapers refused to print her work.

 

What about modern-day heroes, like the famous NFL player for the Arizona Cardinals, Pat Tillman. He left an outstanding career to become an Army Ranger during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Mr. Tillman saved his fellow rangers and provided cover for them when they were under “friendly fire.” The military awarded Pat with the Silver Star and the Purple Heart for paying the ultimate price and for his valiant acts.

 

The most recent American hero to come on the scene is Southwest pilot, Tammie Jo Shults. Back in April of this year, she executed an emergency landing in Philadelphia, PA. She landed the huge Boeing 737 successfully without injuring her passengers. Nor did the aircraft sustain further damage from the emergency landing. When Tammie contacted Philly’s tower, she described the situation in short, yet clear statements. She knew exactly what happened with the engine, and what she needed when they landed.

 

So, why was she forced to land the plane as soon as possible? One of the engines exploded and took out a passenger window. Unfortunately, a traveler was pulled through the window part way, but other people on board the flight rescued her. About seven others suffered minor injuries during the emergency. Once the plane landed, Mrs. Shults made rounds to all of the passengers and spoke with them directly to make sure they were ok.

 

Tammie is a fantastic pilot and served in the US Navy as a fighter pilot. She met this with great opposition though, because she was a woman. Still, she was among the first women to become a pilot. Not only that, but she also became one of the first to fly an F/A Hornet for training missions during Desert Storm as women were not permitted to fly official combat missions. Still, she became a Lieutenant Commander in 1995, which is quite an achievement in the male-dominated US military.

 

Mrs. Shults credits her military training with helping her land the Southwest plane in a professional, calm, and orderly fashion. The military teaches pilots to evaluate situations and prioritize then tasks quickly and efficiently. Military training is different than training to be a commercial pilot because although airlines have emergencies, they are not fighting the enemy at the same time. Pilots trained in the military learn necessary skills to assess and arrange tasks quickly to complete the mission successfully. Once this is mastered, it becomes second-nature.

 

Tammie Jo Shults is one of the most recognized American heroes of 2018. She is a woman of great courage and has intense compassion for humanity. The outstanding character of this woman will stand the test of time.

 

 

United States Air Force flight Suits

Why the US Military and Pilots Chose Nomex Flight Suits  

 

Nomex is the chosen material employed by the US Military and its air force pilots. The material offers a much more unique experience than that of traditional flight suits worn by pilots during the wars of the 20th Century. It is because of this that the flight suits are used by the US Military, as the benefits are worlds ahead of the suits of the past.

 

Flame Resistant

 

Nomex fiber is flame resistant, something that is beneficial during missions and exercises where anything can happen. Taking measures to understand the dangers of these missions is essential to the design of flight suits.

 

While cockpit fires are rare, this does not mean that they will not happen. In military jets, with an array of wiring and other instruments, the potential for fire is even greater. Having a suit that will protect the pilot from fire will save lives should the worst happen.

 

Safety First

 

Considering that these flight suits are used during often-dangerous missions, manufacturers need to ensure that they are safe for use. The flame resistant material covers much of the dangers associated, but there are also factors such as its temperature-resistant abilities. The Nomex flight suit can withstand temperatures of up to 5720℉ (300℃) and do not suffer molecular changes when exposed to such temperatures, such as melting or brittleness.

 

These kinds of properties make NOMEX the ideal material when considering how to outfit military personnel. It is no surprise that the US armed forces have elected to use Nomex exclusively in their uniforms.

 

Comfort is Key

 

Being in an enclosed area, things can get quite claustrophobic, because of this, it is essential that the suits provided to the pilots are comfortable and lightweight. Previous suits were traditionally bulky and heavy which, while ensuring the pilot remains warm, can quickly cause discomfort. The NOMEX suit weighs just 4.5 lbs, helping to provide a lightweight solution while still ensuring protection.

 

Additionally, built-in insulation provides the wearer with comfort when reaching higher altitudes, but can still prevent overheating. Its glove-like fit along with adjustable waist belt gives the opportunity to fit pilots of all shapes and sizes, meaning that no matter who you are you will feel comfortable and secure when wearing your flight suit. There is also a single zipper for quick removal and six pockets to store any necessary equipment

 

Quality Check

 

The Nomex flight suit is created with a sturdy material that reduces rips or tears through its rip-top fabric design. This is especially useful when in the cockpit or even moving to and from such tight areas as there is little chance of catching on hooks, latches and other protruding instruments.

 

Furthermore, the suits are solution dyed to prevent fading and discoloration. This ensures a professional appearance throughout the rank and promotes a sense of camaraderie. Everyone is working towards the same goal together as a team.

 

The NOMEX flight suit has proven highly effective in protecting pilots. The material offers a degree of safety, comfort, and quality that is not found in other suits on the market.

 

 

 

Cockpit Fire Nomex Helps

How Nomex Suits can Help in a Cockpit Fire

Cockpit fires are a rare occurrence; however, they do happen. It doesn’t matter if your plane is a small Cessna, a jumbo airliner, or a fighter jet, all aircraft are susceptible to fire, especially in the cockpit where there are many intricate wiring routes to the control panel and instruments.

If you are one who serves in one of our Armed Forces and are in combat with the enemy, you know that a fire is likely, even if your aircraft is struck from the outside, and a fire does not start. The electrical wires can be jolted, and if they are worn, they can ignite from the impact. Thank goodness for the training you have received to put out the fire if possible, in addition to the excellent safety gear that you wear to protect you from burns. Faulty wiring and regular wear and tear on the wiring, which causes the coating to wear off and expose the wires, is the most common factor in cockpit fires.

Some of the training that you learned during the early part of your military career would include these steps for putting out an electrical fire. Here are the steps, in generalized terms based on the website, BoldMethod.com (http://www.boldmethod.com/learn-to-fly/aircraft-systems/electrical-fire/).
• Review the checklist as you will be under much stress. This list will help your recall the sequences necessary to extinguish the fire.
• Put out the fire.
o Turn off the switches for STBY BATT and the MASTER
o Close all vents, including the CABIN AIR and CABIN HT in the cockpit to avoid drafts as this could cause the fire to spread.
o Use the fire extinguisher only when absolutely necessary as they only last a few short seconds. So, you must be sure that all is done beforehand to prevent the fire from getting worse.
o Turn off all the other instrument switches, EXCEPT the MAGNETOS switch.
• Clear the air only when you’re sure that the fire is out.
o Open all the vents including the CABIN HT and CABIN AIR.
• Land safely as soon as possible.

Following procedure cannot be overrated and plays a vital role in your safety as a pilot, whether you’re in the US military or not. However, there is also protective clothing that is vital to your safety as well, and that is the Nomex flight suit.

Nomex is a combination of materials that make it the ideal piece of clothing you can wear while in flight. It is comprised of Aramid materials which makes it a one-of-a-kind item. Not only is it flame-retardant, but it is also lightweight, as well as durable and comfortable. All of this is due to the special weaving process in making the Kevlar aspect of the flight suit. This unique process is what makes the outfit so durable. The Aramid fibers in the Nomex flight suit can withstand temperatures of over 570˚ F. What an excellent article of protective clothing to have in your military chest! To learn more about the Nomex flight suit, read these two posts on our blog (https://carterny.com/history-of-the-flight-suit-and-how-nomex-material-changed-the-industry/) and (https://carterny.com/aramid-the-unique-fabric-of-the-nomex-flight-suit/).

If you are military personnel and are in the hunt for high-quality, comfortable, flame-resistant flight suits, call us! Our friendly customer service representatives will help you determine your size and complete your order.

Military Gear

How Military Gear Has Evolved in the Last Century

The US military has seen many changes since its inception. During the Revolutionary War, and Civil Wars, the soldiers wore uniforms made of wool with little protective gear for themselves, let alone from the elements. Men froze to death or suffered from frostbite during the winter of the Revolutionary War because they did not have adequate supplies. On the other hand, soldiers were overheated and suffered from heat stroke while they fought in the Civil War because their uniforms did not shield them from the scorching summer heat.

For many years, the military uniform and military gear remained unchanged until the early twentieth century. But it wasn’t until the last fifty to seventy-five years that significant changes have been made, not only to the uniform but the military gear as well.

According to the website, http://www.wearethemighty.com/articles/5-ways-us-military-combat-uniforms-have-changed-since-vietnam, US combat uniforms have gone through several updates.
In doing so, they have helped to protect our servicemen and women while encountering enemy forces.

Two significant changes that the military included in the combat uniform was the pockets in the uniform and the material to coincide with the location where our soldiers are fighting. Manufacturers added slanted chest pockets on the shirts and the cargo pockets to the military pants. Six pockets were attached to the pants in the 1980’s, and a vertical Velcro pocket replaced the slanted pocket in the combat shirts. Then, after 9/11, the military added ankle pockets to the combat pants and wrist pockets to the combat blouse. These additional pockets made tools, weapons, and other items readily accessible to our military personnel.

During the Korean and Vietnam Wars, polyester and cotton were the materials used to create the uniforms. Unfortunately, this combination did not allow the skin to breathe and made it extremely hot for the soldiers. As US military forces fought in more humid climates, like Afghanistan, the military made necessary adjustments to the material and implemented a blend of nylon and cotton. Then, again, after the 9/11 attacks, the military began using the Nomex flight suits as an option for many of those defending the US. The Nomex material is more comfortable, lighter, and more durable than its predecessors. It is also flame-retardant, which protects personnel on the front lines and patrol, should they hit a roadside bomb.

Military gear was also updated throughout the years. During the Korean and Vietnam Era, many members of the armed forces wore heavy equipment, and their weapons were out in the open, usually in a holster. It was common to see them carry rifles on their backs. While the intent was to give them easy access to their weapons, it also gave the enemy easy access as well, especially during hand-to-hand combat situations. Today, the gun holster is secured to the inner holster with Velcro which holds the holster in place while allowing movement. The inside holster has a low-visibility feature, as well as the capacity to carry ammunition, water, and first aid necessities allowing immediate access. The new material that is used today is made of light-weight nylon fibers. It also protects the weapons from weather damage, in addition to chemical warfare.

There have been many improvements to the US military combat uniform and military equipment in the last fifteen to twenty years. As the servicemen and women’s needs arise and adaptations to the uniforms and gear are needed, the US government will do everything to keep our men and women who serve our country as safe as possible. For further information about the upgrades in military gear, please visit http://www.businessinsider.com/8-big-changes-that-have-improved-load-bearing-combat-gear-2015-7.

How Ultrasound Technology is Used to Help Veterans with Prosthetics

Our veterans gave their time, energy and put their lives in harm’s way to defend their country and their families. While serving their country, many military men and women lost an arm or a leg because of various forms of combat with the enemy, such as grenades exploding, or roadside bombs going off.

Medicine and technology have come a long way to help American veterans more freely when they use their prosthetic device. What is the technology that is responsible for such wonderous advances? Ultrasound technology of course!

The unique technology that is in ultrasounds sends messages to the muscles via electrodes. They carry the electrical current to the muscles while you try to move with your prosthesis. According to the Army Times website (https://www.armytimes.com/news/2017/11/30/ultrasound-could-improve-use-of-prosthetics/),
“Because you’re sensing signals at the skin’s surface, you can’t differentiate readily from the muscles that are deep inside the tissue, or muscles that are overlaying… By using ultrasound waves, they can see deeper inside the tissue and can tell the difference between different muscle compartments… This allows us to get much better information about what the amputee is attempting to do.”
This incredible new technology gives individuals better control and makes their movements flow in a natural motion.

Ultrasounds show detailed images of organs and muscles far below the skin’s surface. This kind of technology can also record muscle movements that are deep within the muscle fibers.

So, how does the ultrasound help our veterans move their prosthetics with fluid movements? Well, the individual wears an ultrasound transducer underneath the prosthesis. The sensor then sends signals to the muscles, and the messages are transmitted back to the device. The computer algorithms, which process a set of rules to be followed for problem-solving operations, then process the signals and identify what the muscles are trying to do and how they want to function. The algorithms can determine which individual muscle the veteran is trying to manipulate and moves accordingly.

More tests and research is being carried out with amputees. According to the website TechExplore (https://techxplore.com/news/2017-11-ultrasound-technology-amputees.html), George Mason University’s Professor Sikdar,
“Their laboratory research suggests that the ultrasound method allows for much dexterity in controlling upper body prosthetics, including fine-tuned motor control of the fingers and thumb. In the lab, they have shown that computer algorithms can use this ultrasound method to learn to accurately differentiate between 15 distinct hand and wrist movements. Users can perform partial movements with high degree of control.”
There is a bright future for veterans who have needed to depend on the use of prosthetics to have a better quality of life. Researchers hope that this new technology will help them improve the function of lower-body prosthetics to provide our veterns, and civilians as well, with more flexibility, and the feel of a natural gait. But right now, upper-body prosthetics are being studied. Until then, great strides with making prosthetics more “user friendly” are underway!